How to Decode Your Industrial Electronic Repair Report

Capacitors for industrial electronic repairDid you ever request an industrial electronic repair report only to have no idea what it actually means?  Many purchasers of electronic repairs are very knowledgeable about electronics, but more than a few are not. Fear not! Knowledge is power and for those folks who don’t have a strong knowledge of electronic repair, we created an “electronics cheat sheet” of parts and terms frequently seen on repair reports for industrial electronic equipment.  Never be in the dark again!

  • Capacitors – device for storing a charge of electricity; frequently seen in power supplies, drives, and on many circuit boards; capacitors can cause a painful and possibly lethal electrical shock if touched even if disconnected for weeks.
  • Diodes – semiconductor device that allows current to flow in only one direction; often used in power supplies and circuit boards (diode array is a grouping of diodes that may or may not be connected and each allows the flow of electricity in one direction and prevents it in the opposite direction)
  • EEPROM – (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) used in many electronics to store small amounts of data that must be saved even when the power source is removed such as calibration tables or device configurations and programs
  • Cathode – short for Cathode Ray Tube (also CRT)is a big heavy gas discharge light source that makes its light output from a phosphor coating inside the glass envelope; used inside of older monitors including touchscreen monitors
  • LCD –“ liquid crystal display” monitor screen that shows/displays a video signal
  • Solder/solder traces – solder is made of metal alloys and used to join together metal surfaces to each other. The solder traces are the silvery lines of metal connecting electronic components. Older solder is lead based while newer solder is lead-free
  • Switches – just like a light switch, these are small devices that turn a circuit on or off in all electronic devices
  • Resistors – a passive component that regulates (resists) the flow of electrical current which controls the current to other component(s) in a circuit
  • Output/Input – the place where the power leaves or enters a piece of equipment or a system; for example, many non-working power supplies come in with problem description of “no output”
  • Leakage Current – means electrical current is going where it shouldn’t; frequently happens when insulation is old or damaged. Test for this with a clamp meter
  • Load (or Line) Regulation – the ability of the unit to maintain a constant voltage or current level on the output channel even if there are changes in the supply’s load; usually a term for power supplies. AVC – Automatic Voltage Compensation is one type of regulation.
  • Load tested/tested under load – tested by putting a demand on the device and measuring its response under expected normal and peak load conditions but not tested in its normal work area/equipment it came out of
  • Statically tested – Testing of individual components and circuit sections to verify that the unit works but not tested in normal work conditions
  • Dynamically tested – tested by subjecting the unit to simulated work conditions that could include vibration, shock, bumps, temperature and humidity variations, etc. to make sure the unit works in most expected conditions
  • QC Passed – Quality control has inspected and approved all of the work from repairs to cleaning to reassembly

Industrial Electronic RepairsThis list is just a small selection of commonly used terms. If you receive a repair report and don’t fully understand it, you should not hesitate to call your repair center for more explanation.  Any customer- oriented repair center should be more than happy to explain their terminology and work completed. If you are searching for a repair center for your damaged industrial electronics, check first to see if your equipment is still under warranty and if so, contact the OEM about repairs. If it is out of warranty, contact an independent industrial electronic repair center to find out if they are a good fit for your company and your particular repair needs. They should offer free evaluations for your damaged equipment and, if needed, a free quote for repairs (no bench fees!).  They should also provide repair reports if requested and a good warranty of at least one year that covers both parts and labor.

About the Author: ACS Industrial Services is an independent industrial electronic repair center providing repair services for printed circuit board repairs of all types and manufacturers, drives, servo motors, CNC equipment, encoders, monitors and touchscreens, PLCs, test equipment, light curtains, and much more. The customer service team is available to answer your questions and help solve your industrial electronic repair concerns. You can reach them by calling 800-605-6419 or going to www.acsindustrial.com.

Preventing Rodent Damaged Electronics in Your Facility

rodent damaged electronicsUnder the weird but true category, we do occasionally get rodent damaged electronics equipment in for repairs. And it’s not always just the gnawing that causes the damage, it’s also what happens AFTER they eat your wiring (yes, that!).

If you think about it for a second, it’s not strange that these critters would seek out the warmth and possible food sources that are found in most any manufacturing plant.

While we certainly are happy to repair your gnawed-on (or worse) circuit boards, we thought some preventive measures might be appreciated. Having looked into this problem, here’s some interesting facts and advice we collected:

  • Rats and mice can gnaw through many tough materials including lead, aluminum, window screens, wood, rubber, vinyl, fiberglass, plastic, and poor-quality concrete and concrete blocks.
  • Rats only need a ½” inch opening to squeeze in, can drop 50 feet without injury, burrow straight down into the ground for 36”, jump 26 inches vertically and 48 inches horizontally, swim for a ½ mile, and dive through water traps in plumbing. Talk about an IronRat race!
  • Mice only need a ¼” opening to gain entry, can jump 18 inches vertically, and survive temperatures as low as 24 degrees Fahrenheit as long as they have access to food and nesting materials
  • One rat needs only ½ pound of food to survive for a week but its waste will contaminate as much as 10 times that amount
  • Pipes, augers, conveyors, conduit, fire sprinkler systems, HVAC, underground utility and communications lines, earthquake safety joints, and poorly fitting doors (especially roll-up or overhead doors), are their super-highways into your plant

Now you know why it’s so difficult to get rid of these vermin. To do battle against these tough little customers, here some advice:

  • Look for signs of entry – Look for droppings, tracks, gnawing marks (a professional pest management company really is the best for this as they have all of the appropriate equipment)
  • Don’t Invite – Keep the area surrounding your plant free of clutter and debris, tall grass and vegetation, open trash, and standing water; and make sure your dumpster is on a cleanable concrete pad.
  • Doors should fit tightly – Rodents usually enter after dark so avoid leaving doors open at night and make sure your door bottoms are not dented and damaged and the floor is even so no gaps are available. Use metal thresholds
  • Repair damage quickly – Regularly check for and repair cracks or damage to exterior walls, floors, and openings in windows and screens.
  • Button –up – Tightly rodent-proof sewer, electrical, communication, water, and gas services, and keep elevator pits clean and dry.
  • Control Loading Docks – Get rodent exclusion devices and use automatic door closers; dock bumper pads should be at least 30” high to keep rats from using them as a launch pad onto your dock.
  • Installing guards helps – Install guards made of smooth sheet metal that are wide enough and positioned to keep rodents from climbing, traveling or jumping from the guard wherever they are needed.

Rodent/Pest control is a huge subject and you can find more information from the National Pest Management Association, or any professional pest management company.

If your electronic equipment is damaged by pests, it can usually be repaired.   Most industrial electronic equipment, including older and out of warranty electronics, can be repaired at a considerable savings over buying new.

If your equipment is still under warranty, contact the OEM about repairs. If it is out of warranty, contact an independent industrial electronic repair center to find out if they are a good fit for your company and your particular repair needs.  They should offer free evaluations for your damaged equipment and, if needed, a free quote for repairs (no bench fees!).  They should also provide repair reports if requested and a good warranty of at least one year that covers both parts and labor.

About the Author: ACS Industrial Services is an independent industrial electronic repair center providing repair services for printed circuit board repairs of all types and manufacturers, drives, servo motors, CNC equipment, encoders, monitors and touchscreens, PLCs, test equipment, light curtains, and much more.  The customer service team is available to answer your questions and help solve your industrial electronic repair concerns. You can reach them by calling 800-605-6419 or going to www.acsindustrial.com .